By Dr. Meghan van Drimmelen ND & Dr. Carla Cashin ND
You’ve probably heard of nutritional supplementation, but are unsure of where to start or whether or not it’s right for you. In this article we want to clear up some confusion around supplementation by outlining the top 3 supplements we regularly recommend in our naturopathic practices in addition to a well-rounded whole foods diet.
#1 High Quality, Physician Grade Multivitamin
The purpose of a multivitamin is to fill in the nutritional gaps that you may be missing in your daily meals. Think of a multivitamin as an insurance policy. First and foremost, your nutritional requirements should be obtained from a whole foods diet. A multivitamin is recommended in cases where a healthy diet is difficult to maintain at least 80% of the time, and in cases of chronic digestive disorders where absorption of nutrients are impaired.
Physician grade multivitamins contain well-absorbed high quality ingredients, and are free of dyes, preservatives and allergens. They also will have vitamin and mineral concentrations that go above the bare minimum recommended daily allowances (RDAs).
Here’s a list of ingredients you should look for in a high quality physician grade multivitamin:
#2 Vitamin D
Studies show that 40% of Canadians have insufficient vitamin D blood levels in the winter, and 25% have insufficient levels in the summer (1). This widespread deficiency is concerning, because vitamin D plays such an important role in so many areas of our health. Vitamin D helps maintain calcium balance and healthy bone mineral density, and plays a role in prevention of breast and colon cancer, cardiovascular disease in men, and seasonal affective disorder (2,3,4,5,6,7). Vitamin D also has a huge influence on the health of our immune system, and a deficiency of this critical vitamin can increase the risk of autoimmune disease and respiratory tract infections (8,9,10,11,12).
There are 3 main reasons why vitamin D is so commonly deficient:
1. Lack of Sun Exposure. Our primary source of vitamin D is through sun exposure. When sun hits our skin, it triggers a biochemical process that produces vitamin D. However, with our modern lifestyle, we spend most of our hours inside, and when we’re in the sun we often cover up or wear sunscreen. On top of this, as Canadians, we receive fewer direct sunrays then in other parts of the world.
2. Few Foods Naturally Contain Vitamin D. Vitamin D is naturally found in very few foods, and these foods are typically lacking in western diets. Foods that have the highest vitamin D levels are fatty fish such as salmon, cod liver oil, and egg yolk. Diary and soy products are also commonly fortified with vitamin D.
3. Malabsorption. Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin, meaning your body has to be able to absorb dietary fat in order to absorb vitamin D. Chronic digestive concerns such as celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease impair fat absorption and commonly lead to vitamin D deficiency.
If you have not had your vitamin D levels checked through blood work, a safe maintenance dose is 1000-2000IU of vitamin D3 per day for prevention of deficiency. With known vitamin D deficiencies your naturopathic physician or family doctor may recommend higher vitamin D doses with close monitoring of blood levels.
#3 Omega 3 Fatty Acids
The benefits of omega 3 fatty acids have been extensively researched. They reduce inflammation in the body and help prevent against chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, asthma, allergies and eczema (13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21). They also have a huge impact on our brain health, and have been studied for their beneficial effects on mood, cognition and behavior (22,23,24,25).
Several sources of information suggest that human beings evolved on a diet with a ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids of approximately 1:1 whereas in modern diets the ratio is 15:1 to 17:1 (26). Omega 6 fatty acids are inflammatory in nature and are found in high amounts in processed foods and refined oils, while omega 3 fatty acids are found in fish, flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts. A key means of controlling inflammation in the body is balancing your omega 3 to omega 6 intake through diet and supplementation.
You want to be particularly careful about the source of your omega 3 supplement because many of them contain heavy metals and are prone to oxidation/rancidity. The fish oil brands that we recommend have third party testing to ensure that their products are heavy metal free, and have not been oxidized. These brands include: Ascenta, Nordic Naturals, Carlson, Cytomatrix, NFH, and Seroyal. A healthy dosage for adults is 1000-2000mg of omega 3 per day.
Each individual has a unique set of nutritional needs depending on their age, current state of health, and medical history. At Juniper Family Health we offer comprehensive nutritional assessments and testing to fine tune what dietary supplements are indicated for your individual needs.
Certain areas where a nutritional assessment would be indicated include (but are not limited to):
- Preconception, Pregnancy & Postpartum
- Vegan & Vegetarian Diets
- Mood Disorders
- Digestive Issues
- Chronic Illness
Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you would like to explore your nutritional requirements further!
(1) Janz, T. et al. “Vitamin D Blood Levels of Canadians.” Statistics Canada Catalogue no-82-625-X, 2013.
(2) Pazirandeh S. et al. “Overview of Vitamin D.” Up To Date, 2016.
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(13) Tajuddin N. et al. “Prescription omega 3 fatty acid products: considerations for patients with diabetes mellitus.” Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes, 19;9:109-18. 2016.
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(21) Geusens P. et al. “Long-term effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in active rheumatoid arthritis. A 12-month, double-bling, controlled study.” Arthritis Rheum, 37(6):824-9, 1994.
(22) McNamara RK et al. “Role of Long Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Psychiatric Practice.” PharmaNutrition, 1(2):41-49, 2013.
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